Studies link air pollution to cot deaths and childhood asthma emergencies

 

Two recent medical studies have highlighted links between air pollution and cot deaths and childhood asthma.

Research published by BMJ Open looked at more than 200 cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) - the sudden, unexpected and unexplained death of apparently healthy babies often called cot death - in the West Midlands between 1996 and 2006.

”Local

The study looked at levels of air pollution in the babies' postcodes the day before a SIDS death compared with levels on other days.

The paper states: 'We found evidence suggesting association of SIDS mortality with PM10 and NO2 exposure. Compared with other pollutants, their effects persisted after controlling for co-pollutants and across the various lag structures investigated....Thus, future studies are recommended to understand possible mechanistic explanations on the role of air pollution on SIDS incidence and the ways in which we might reduce pollution exposure among infants.'

These pollutants are linked to road traffic fumes.

It adds: 'SIDS counts and pollution levels tended to be larger in highly deprived areas and near motorways and A-road networks which may be a reflection of population density.'

The researchers said: 'Until policy reflects the growing evidence and responds to mounting public concern, it would appear to be the responsibility of individuals to take independent action to mitigate the effects of air pollution and protect the health of their young ones.'

Another study analysed the impact of 'air quality events' or periods of high pollution using emergency department (ED) syndromic surveillance from England and France.

It found: 'Almost 1.5 million ED attendances were recorded during the study period (27 February 2014 to 1 October 2014). Significant increases in ED attendances for asthma were identified around periods of poor AQ in both cities, especially in children (aged 0–14 years). Some variation was seen in Paris with a rapid increase during the first AQ period in asthma attendances among children (aged 0–14 years), whereas during the second period the increase was greater in adults.'

 

Also see

Register now for full access


Register just once to get unrestricted, real-time coverage of the issues and challenges facing UK transport and highways engineers.

Full website content includes the latest news, exclusive commentary from leading industry figures and detailed topical analysis of the highways, transportation, environment and place-shaping sectors. Use the link below to register your details for full, free access.

Already a registered? Login

 
comments powered by Disqus
 
 
highways jobs

Transport Planning Officer x 2

Plymouth City Council
£32,233 to £41,846
Exciting time to join the Council and this role represents an opportunity to make a real difference... Plympton, Plymouth
Recuriter: Plymouth City Council

Business Manager - Planning Development

Newark & Sherwood District Council
£52,004 to £55,188 per annum
Looking for a suitably qualified and experienced individual to lead, manage, and develop the Council’s Development Management team. Newark, Nottinghamshire
Recuriter: Newark & Sherwood District Council

HGV Driver/Loader (Waste Management)

Torridge District Council
£22,021—£23,836 per annum (FROM 1 APRIL 2019)
Driving & loading a refuse/recycling collection vehicle up to 26 tonne gross weight, collecting recycling or household waste throughout Torridge Bideford, Devon
Recuriter: Torridge District Council

Director of Highways and Transport

Lancashire County Council
c£100k
We are looking for a passionate and energetic leader to deliver a range of ambitious and major projects. Lancaster, Lancashire
Recuriter: Lancashire County Council

Director of Growth, Environment & Planning

Lancashire County Council
c£100k
Our new Director will help us to develop a strong corporate vision, strategy and robust operations to service. Lancaster, Lancashire
Recuriter: Lancashire County Council

Head of Highways and Network Operation

Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council
£55,537 to £59,663
We are looking for an experienced transport professional with an excellent grounding in Highways and transport operations. Blackburn, Lancashire
Recuriter: Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council

Engineer Maintenance

Liverpool City Council
£32,233 - £37,107
Liverpool City Council are looking to recruit an Engineer Maintenance. Liverpool, Merseyside
Recuriter: Liverpool City Council

Site Supervisor

Liverpool City Council
£32,233 - £37,107
Liverpool City Council wish to appoint Site Supervisors to supervise the City Council's highway construction works. Liverpool, Merseyside
Recuriter: Liverpool City Council

Permit Officer

Liverpool City Council
£23,111 - £27,358
Liverpool City Council are looking to recruit a Permit Officer. Liverpool, Merseyside
Recuriter: Liverpool City Council

Contracts Manager

Liverpool City Council
£37,107 - £41,846
Liverpool City Council wish to recruit a Contracts Manager based in Highways & Transportation. Liverpool, Merseyside
Recuriter: Liverpool City Council

Principal Engineer - Asset Management

Liverpool City Council
£37,107 - £41,846
Liverpool City Council wish to recruit a Principal Engineer - Asset Management. Liverpool, Merseyside
Recuriter: Liverpool City Council

Highways Inspector

Liverpool City Council
£32,233 - £37,107
We are seeking to recruit an enthusiastic individual to be a key member of our Highways Team. Liverpool, Merseyside
Recuriter: Liverpool City Council

Engineer - Capital Projects

Liverpool City Council
£32,233 - £37,107
Liverpool City Council is looking to recruit an Engineer - Capital Projects. Liverpool, Merseyside
Recuriter: Liverpool City Council

Engineer - Highways Capital Projects (S106)

Liverpool City Council
£32,233 - £37,107
Liverpool City Council wish to recruit an Engineer (Capital Projects). Liverpool, Merseyside
Recuriter: Liverpool City Council

Team Leader - Asset Management

Liverpool City Council
£41,846 - £46,560
Liverpool City Council wish to recruit a Team Leader - Asset Management. Liverpool, Merseyside
Recuriter: Liverpool City Council

Technical Assistant

Liverpool City Council
£23,111 - £27,358
Liverpool City Council are looking to recruit a Technical Assistant. Liverpool, Merseyside
Recuriter: Liverpool City Council

Waste and Recycling Engagement Officer

Camden London Borough Council
£24,460 - £26,358
We now have an exciting opportunity for a talented and enthusiastic individual to join us and be part of the North London Waste Authority (NLWA). Camden, London (Greater)
Recuriter: Camden London Borough Council

Major Transport & Development Projects - Strategic Specialist

Wiltshire Council
£51,763 - £57,066
Wiltshire has a highly regarded record of securing funding and delivering major transport improvements across all modes of travel. Wiltshire
Recuriter: Wiltshire Council

Assistant Director - Growth and Development

Lincoln City Council
£59,058.00 - £65,127.00
Looking for an experienced manager with a good track record in proactively driving economic growth and investment. Lincoln, Lincolnshire
Recuriter: Lincoln City Council

Assistant Director – Transport and Connectivity

Birmingham City Council
£73,513 - £90,864
This is one of a number of influential new senior roles for collaborative people, motivated by doing what’s right for our city and residents. Birmingham, West Midlands
Recuriter: Birmingham City Council