Poorest hit hardest by transport's 'new normal'

 

A new report by the Institute for Fiscal Studies on commuting patterns has found those with the lowest incomes are far less likely to be able to work from home.

Around 73% of workers in the poorest fifth of earners in the UK and 64% in London would struggle to work from home; the corresponding figures for the richest fifth are far lower 35% in the UK and 20% in London.

The ability to work from home steadily increases the higher your income, whereas the use of public transport has only a small correlation to higher earnings.

”Local

In London, the worst hit area for COVID-19, it is those from the richest households who were most likely to use public transport before the lockdown - with 52% of workers in the top income quintile – these are also are more likely to be suitable to home working.

Meanwhile, 44% of the poorest fifth of workers commute via public transport and will find it harder to work from home.

Only 14% of people used public transport to get to work in the UK before COVID-19, rising to 49% of workers living in London. However, the nature of jobs in London means that workers there are on average more able to work from home than workers in the rest of the country.

The report highlights that public transport commutes are much more concentrated around peak hours making social distancing difficult.

It is helpful in terms of ‘flattening the commuting curve’, that those workers who commute at peak times before the lockdown are much more likely to be able to work from home. This means that ‘encouraging home working is therefore likely to be disproportionately effective at reducing public transport congestion’.

However ‘key workers’ who cannot work from home ‘were just as likely to have been commuting at peak times as other workers before the lockdown’.

Overall, 13.6% of the UK workforce – around 4.5 million workers – got to work by public transport in the pre-lockdown period

Outside of London around 70% of workers normally get to their jobs by car, 14% walk or cycle and 9% take public transport.

In London, where many more jobs are office-based, just 42% of workers worked in jobs that could not have been done from home, compared to around 56% of workers in the rest of the UK.

By mode

  • Those less able to work from home are much more likely to have taken the bus to work, particularly in London.
  • Around 22% of workers in London who are less able to work from home took the bus to work compared to just 9% of those more able to work from home.
  • Workers who were more able to work from home were, by contrast, much more likely to take the train or tube.

By sector

  • Workers in financial and insurance services were most likely to commute via public transport however, over 85% of workers in this sector also work in occupations that can be done from home.
  • fewer than 5% of workers in manufacturing and agriculture/mining commute via public transport, but equally very few workers in these industries can work from home.
  • The accommodation/food sector stands out alongside administration and wholesale/retail as a sector with both relatively high public transport use and low ability to work from home.
  • Workers in these sectors may struggle to return to their previous jobs until social distancing measures are eased; this is especially true in London where 66% of workers in accommodation and food commute on public transport but only 28% are estimated to be able to work from home.

By age

  • Younger workers are most reliant on public transport to get to work, with almost a fifth of those aged 16-24 using it compared to just 9% of workers aged 55 and over.
  • The differences are starker in London, where 63% of working young people commute by public transport, compared to 40% of those aged 55 and over.
  • Younger workers were also less likely to work in jobs that could be done from home before the lockdown.

Register now for full access


Register just once to get unrestricted, real-time coverage of the issues and challenges facing UK transport and highways engineers.

Full website content includes the latest news, exclusive commentary from leading industry figures and detailed topical analysis of the highways, transportation, environment and place-shaping sectors. Use the link below to register your details for full, free access.

Already a registered? Login

 
comments powered by Disqus
 
 
highways jobs

Waste Loaders

City of York Council
£9.52 per hour
Do you have a current UK driving licence? York, North Yorkshire
Recuriter: City of York Council

General Operatives/Drivers/Gardeners

City of York Council
£9.52 to £10.30 dependent upon experience
Do you have a current UK driving licence? York, North Yorkshire
Recuriter: City of York Council

Programme Manager - Highways

Kirklees Metropolitan Council
£42,683 - £44,632
Are you an experienced, talented and collaborative Programme Manager with experience of supporting public sector transformation and change? Kirklees, West Yorkshire
Recuriter: Kirklees Metropolitan Council

(Senior) Environmental Health Officer/Enforcement Officer

Brent Council
£35,724 - £41,706 p.a. inc.
We are looking for Environmental Health Officers; EHRB registered and has current experience in food safety and health & safety enforcement. Brent, London (Greater)
Recuriter: Brent Council

Road worker/Ground worker

City of York Council
£10.30 per hour
Have you successfully worked as part of a team? York, North Yorkshire
Recuriter: City of York Council

HGV Relief Driver

North West Leicestershire District Council
Salary Band D, £21,589- £24,799 per year (pro rata to period of contract)
We are looking to recruit temporary HGV Relief Drivers with occasional loading duties to join NWLDC’s busy Waste Services Team. Coalville, Leicestershire
Recuriter: North West Leicestershire District Council

Waste Services Worker (Loader)

North West Leicestershire District Council
Band B, £18,795 - £19,171 per year (pro rata to the length of contract)
We are looking for Waste Operations Loaders to join our Waste Services Team to undertake waste collection and other related duties. Coalville, Leicestershire
Recuriter: North West Leicestershire District Council

Chargehand/Ganger

City of York Council
£11.09 per hour
Do you have experience of excavation, reinstatement and footway maintenance schemes? York, North Yorkshire
Recuriter: City of York Council

Sustainability & Resilience Manager (maternity cover)

Essex County Council
£51510.0 - £58752 per annum
This fixed-term contract will begin in August 2020 and is expected to last until October 2021 Interviews scheduled to be held Wednesday 10th June 2020 England, Essex, Chelmsford
Recuriter: Essex County Council

Civil Service Deputy Director Roles

GOV.UK
£70,000 - £117,800 & excellent rewards
We’re looking for significant experience of engaging at C-Suite and Board levels, excellent partnership-building and... England
Recuriter: GOV.UK

Engineer (Highways Scheme Design)

Medway Council
£31,888 - £37,646 per annum
The post-holder will be required to have highway engineering expertise in order to contribute to efficient and effective provision of... Medway City Estate, Rochester
Recuriter: Medway Council

Principal Flood Risk Officer

Lancashire County Council
£42,683-£46,566
We have an exciting opportunity for a Principal Floor Risk Officer Lancashire
Recuriter: Lancashire County Council

Resources and Waste Commercial and Contracts Manager

Northumberland County Council
£47,107 - £50,394
We are looking for a strategic, innovative and performance-focused leader to join us as Resources and Waste; Commercial and Contracts Manager. County Hall, Morpeth, Northumberland
Recuriter: Northumberland County Council

SEN Travel Assessment Co-ordination Officer

London Borough of Bexley
£35,529 - £41,796
We are currently seeking an experienced officer administrator who will enjoy working as team and under their own initiative, with duties including... Bexleyheath, London (Greater)
Recuriter: London Borough of Bexley

Principal Planning Liaison Officer X3

Somerset County Council
£33,799 to £37,849 per annum
We have a number of fantastic opportunities in Somerset at various levels Taunton, Somerset
Recuriter: Somerset County Council

Principal Estate Roads Engineer

Somerset County Council
£33,799 to £37,849 per annum
We have a number of fantastic opportunities in Somerset at various levels Taunton, Somerset
Recuriter: Somerset County Council

Principal Travel Plan Officer

Somerset County Council
£33,799 to £37,849 per annum
We have a number of fantastic opportunities in Somerset at various levels Taunton, Somerset
Recuriter: Somerset County Council

Assistant Estate Roads Engineer x2

Somerset County Council
£25,295 to £28,785 per annum
We have 2 exciting opportunities for enthusiastic and committed individuals to join our Highways Development Management Team Taunton, Somerset
Recuriter: Somerset County Council

Design Services Manager

Lincolnshire County Council
£50,430 - £55,503
We are a team of mixed experience and skills, proud to serve the people of Lincolnshire and have fun whilst doing so! Lincolnshire
Recuriter: Lincolnshire County Council

Transport Planning Officer

North Yorkshire County Council
£29,636 to £32,029
We are looking for a Transport Planning Officer to join our Highways and Transportation service. Northallerton, North Yorkshire
Recuriter: North Yorkshire County Council